Dyshidrotic Eczema or dermatitis is also known as Pompholyx and is seen as an itchy blister like eruption of the hands, fingers and soles of the feet. It can be severe, frequent or chronic (long term) and is tough to treat effectively. Up to 20% of eczema sufferers have dishidrotic eczema / pompholyx. It is much more common in spring and summertime and in nations with warmer climates. Pompholyx is the third most typical sort of hand eczema. It occurs equally in both genders and occurs in children and older individuals. It is much less regular after late 30’s.
Read more about Dyshidrotic Eczema / Pompholyx.
Atopic eczema also known as Atopic D, also called atopic dermatitis, is the most common type of eczema. It mostly affects youngsters, and often symptoms greatly reduce with age.
Eczema causes the skin to come to be itchy, red, dry and fractured. It usually lasts for years and for some it is a chronic condition (long term).
Atopic eczema commonly develops within folds of skin, such as:
behind the knees.
the within of the elbows.
on the side of the neck.
around the eyes and ears.
Different people are effected with different levels of Atopic eczema some have mild symptoms, some have severe symptoms. Intense symptoms feature split, sore and bleeding skin.
Read more about Atopic Eczema.
Discoid eczema also known as nummular eczema is a chronic (long-term) skin condition, the symptoms are itchy, reddened, dry and cracked skin.
It can affect any part of the body, but is usually seen on the:.
trunk (chest, tummy and back).
People with discoid eczema have circular or oval patches of eczema with distinct edges. These can be smaller than ¼ inch (6mmm) or over an inch or several centimetres in size.
The cause of discoid eczema is unknown, although it is often accompanied by dry skin and is thought to be triggered by irritation of the skin.
Discoid eczema most commonly develops in adulthood and is rare in children. It is more common among men in their 50’s, 60’s and 70’s and women in their teens or twenties. When discoid eczema occurs in young women, they often have atopic eczema as well.
Read more about discoid eczema.
Pompholyx Eczema is another name for Dyshidrotic Eczema – see more details about Dyshidrotic Eczema here
Seborrhoeic eczema also called Seborrhoeic dermatitis inflames of areas of your skin that are more oily or greasy, such as your eyebrows, nose and scalp. These areas have oily sweat glands. In adults it is a chronic condition (long lasting) affecting in 3% to 5% of adults. It usually establishes after puberty or in grownups aged 30 to 60, and is much more usual in men than women.
It tends to ‘come and go’ with periods of flare ups then periods with no symptoms.
Babies under 3 months can also develop seborrhoeic dermatitis, it tends to establish on the scalp, in the nappy area or areas where there are folds of skin (flexures). On the scalp the symptoms are different from adults. Babies tend to have ‘Cradle Cap’ with yellow crusty greasy scaling and often includes a lot of dandruff.
The condition is not usually serious or dangerous to your baby, and is most likely to vanish on its own within six to 12 months.
Read more about Seborrhoeic Eczema here
Contact Eczema (Contact Dermatitis)
Contact dermatitis also known as contact dermititis is a swelling of the skin that develops when you come into contact with certain chemicals or other substances.
Contact Eczema is a type of eczema that causes red, itchy and scaly skin, some sufferers have a stinging or burning sensation in the affected area. It causes your skin to become blistered, dry and broken.
It can affect any part of the body but is most common on the hands.
Contact Eczema can start because of:.
an irritant – a substance that damages the skin physically – cause of 80% of cases
an allergen that effects the immune system causing a skin reaction – cause of 20% of cases
Varicous Eczema (Venous Eczema)
Varicose eczema is a skin condition caused by increased pressure in the veins of the legs. It usually affects older people. It often takes a long time to heal. Emollients (moisturisers), steroid ointments and compression stockings are the common treatments. Conditions such as infection and contact dermatitis can hamper progress. Surgery is occasionally required.
This is the term used for skin changes that happen whenvenous pressure (the pressure in the veins of the legs) increases. You may also hear it called gravitational eczema,stasis eczema or venous eczema.
Affected skin typically becomes red. The redness can sometimes come on quickly and be mistaken for infection (cellulitis). You may notice the skin also becoming scaly or flaky. Dirty brown or rusty brown patches of discolouration may develop. You may also get blisters or ulcers and the skin may feel hard or tight.
The changes usually occur on the inner side of the calf. Skin hardening and tightening are more obvious in the lower part of the leg. This can change the shape of the leg and cause an appearance that is like an inverted champagne bottle shape.
You may get some scarring in the later stages. Sometimes healed ulcers can leave a star-shaped white mark.
Dyshidrosis Eczema is another term for Dyshidrotic Eczema or Pompholyx Eczema – see details above
Gravitational Eczema is another term for Varicose eczema – see details above
Eczema Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is an eczema like condition related to coeliac disease and effects 1 in 10,000 people.
It is most common between mid teens and 40, also it tends to be more common in men than women.
A gluten free diet is the main form of treatment and the most effective in the long-term, however the time taken for the skin rash to improve varies between individuals. So, it is common to have a drug treatment initially; the most commonly prescribed drug is called Dapsone.